Radioactive Source: Protactinium Generator

Radioactive Source: Protactinium Generator
B8R01192

Product code: B8R01192

Direct Delivery – up to 4 weeks. Delays Possible Due To COVID-19
GBP267
GBP320.4 inc VAT

The Protactinium Generator is a convenient way to bring the phenomenon of radioactive decay into the classroom. With a half life of the order of a minute, students have the opportunity to record a complete decay curve in a single lesson.

It presents an ideal opportunity to use a data logger with a radioactive count rate sensor to record the activity, and compare it to a predicted decay curve.

Protactinium234 has a half-life of about 70 seconds, and is ideal for the observation of radioactive decay. The isotope is a product of the Uranium238 decay series.

The generator contains a uranium salt in acidic solution, plus a water-immiscible organic liquid. Protactinium234 is soluble in this organic liquid. When the liquids are shaken together, the organic solvent selectively extracts the Protactinium234. When allowed to resettle, a physical separation into two layers occurs, any Protactinium234 is in the upper organic layer. The Protactinium234 decay is monitored by a Geiger tube placed close to the top of the container, supported by a stand and clamp. Over a period of 5 to 10 minutes a clear half-life curve can be captured, manually or using a datalogger.

Several factors combine to ensure that Protactinium234 clearly exhibits its own half-life:

  • Other decay products remain in the lower aqueous layer; alpha and beta radiation from these cannot penetrate the container.
  • Protactinium234 is a beta emitter with an energy spectrum going up to 2.3 MeV, sufficient to penetrate both the walls of the flask and some of the liquid in which the source is contained.

The generator is supplied in a sealed translucent container, which is virtually chemically inert with a leak-proof closure. This is packed in an outer container which is suitable for long term storage. The generator can be stored for a period of eight years, after which time disposal should be made through a commercial disposal agency or via the local authority.

  • Please note this is a non-returnable item
  • The generator is Radioactive, Flammable and Corrosive. Please take the necessary precautions.
  • Storage Temperature: 8-15°C - stored in Radioactive Sources Cabinet

Associated products include:

  • Retort Stand Bundle (B8R06571)
  • Geiger-Muller Tube (B8H27155) & Geiger-Muller Tube Holder (B8A49724)
  • Scaler-Timer (B8H28925)

Hazards: H226, H290, H300, H301, H314, H330, H332, H335, H373, H411, H412

Risks: R10, R23/25, R26/28, R33, R34, R51/53, R52/53

Further Information

Brand
Philip Harris
Curriculum Link
Atomic Physics & Radioactivity
Key Stage Suitability
Key Stage 4+
Lifetime
8 years
Product Type
Protactinium Generator
Solution
Uranium salt in acid, with immiscible organic solvent
Storage Temperature
8-15°C

Documents

GBP267
GBP320.4 inc VAT
Direct Delivery – up to 4 weeks. Delays Possible Due To COVID-19

The Protactinium Generator is a convenient way to bring the phenomenon of radioactive decay into the classroom. With a half life of the order of a minute, students have the opportunity to record a complete decay curve in a single lesson.

It presents an ideal opportunity to use a data logger with a radioactive count rate sensor to record the activity, and compare it to a predicted decay curve.

Protactinium234 has a half-life of about 70 seconds, and is ideal for the observation of radioactive decay. The isotope is a product of the Uranium238 decay series.

The generator contains a uranium salt in acidic solution, plus a water-immiscible organic liquid. Protactinium234 is soluble in this organic liquid. When the liquids are shaken together, the organic solvent selectively extracts the Protactinium234. When allowed to resettle, a physical separation into two layers occurs, any Protactinium234 is in the upper organic layer. The Protactinium234 decay is monitored by a Geiger tube placed close to the top of the container, supported by a stand and clamp. Over a period of 5 to 10 minutes a clear half-life curve can be captured, manually or using a datalogger.

Several factors combine to ensure that Protactinium234 clearly exhibits its own half-life:

  • Other decay products remain in the lower aqueous layer; alpha and beta radiation from these cannot penetrate the container.
  • Protactinium234 is a beta emitter with an energy spectrum going up to 2.3 MeV, sufficient to penetrate both the walls of the flask and some of the liquid in which the source is contained.

The generator is supplied in a sealed translucent container, which is virtually chemically inert with a leak-proof closure. This is packed in an outer container which is suitable for long term storage. The generator can be stored for a period of eight years, after which time disposal should be made through a commercial disposal agency or via the local authority.

  • Please note this is a non-returnable item
  • The generator is Radioactive, Flammable and Corrosive. Please take the necessary precautions.
  • Storage Temperature: 8-15°C - stored in Radioactive Sources Cabinet

Associated products include:

  • Retort Stand Bundle (B8R06571)
  • Geiger-Muller Tube (B8H27155) & Geiger-Muller Tube Holder (B8A49724)
  • Scaler-Timer (B8H28925)

Hazards: H226, H290, H300, H301, H314, H330, H332, H335, H373, H411, H412

Risks: R10, R23/25, R26/28, R33, R34, R51/53, R52/53

Further Information

Brand
Philip Harris
Curriculum Link
Atomic Physics & Radioactivity
Key Stage Suitability
Key Stage 4+
Lifetime
8 years
Product Type
Protactinium Generator
Solution
Uranium salt in acid, with immiscible organic solvent
Storage Temperature
8-15°C

Documents

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